Prophecy is the   of a Prophet

The Source

The Abrahamic Scriptures

Old Testament

New Testament

Final Testament

The Islamic Narrations

Shia: House of M

Sunni: Companions

Sufi: Scholars Saints

The Hadith


In addition to the Qur’an, Muslims have the accumulated works that describes the sayings, actions, and habits of the prophet Muhammad.  The verse                  places these traditions as second only to the Qur’an, at least supposed to be in theory.  The nature of these traditions play a central central role in deriving Islamic jurisprudence.  These traditions also became a major political tool throughout Islamic History, and a powerful one as well that lasted until today.  Usually a hadith consists of two parts, the Matn or the content, and the Isnad or support.  The support part is usually the chain of narration. A chain of narration is the names of the people who have transmitted this hadith to the narrator all the way to the person who heard it from the Prophet himself.  Due to the influence of these traditions had over the people, the temptation to lie or insert mistruths to suit personal or political motives has existed for as long as Islam has.  For this reason, the habit of verifying these hadiths started very early on in Islam, which later developed into “The Science of Men”.

The Science of Men

For those who are unaware of Islamic studies, there exists a science referred to as the science of men.  This science refers to the study and authentication of the narrations being attributed to the prophet.  It involves coming up with ways of examining the chains of narrations to determine the authenticity of the Matn.  Over time this science has developed into a colossal field of study, with many different philosophical and logical thesis in support or citizing different methodologies.  All these differing methods were also the main drivers for schisms in Islamic schools of thought.  However, the main ideas and basics of these methods are the same or very similar in the majority of schools today.  Using the biographies of the transmittors of Hadith, along with the books of history, scholars determine the trustworthiness of the transmitters by checking for any conflict of interests with the Matn, or illogical claims of the chain of transmition, and by comparing their accuracy of transmition with others who have transmitted the same or similar hadiths.  After thesis-like examination of a hadith, a classification can be attributed to it based on the findings.  A hadith can be considered authentic (true), Hassan (probably true), weak (probably untrue), and fabricated (most likely untrue).  The classification is usually limited to the least trustworthy transmitter unless multiple separate chains are found that raise its qualifications.  There is also another criteria an authentic hadith can fit into called Tawatur.  Tawatur means that so many different and authentic chains of a widespread narration exists that it is unfathomable or nearly impossible for someone to have fabricated it even if they were trying to.  Not many hadiths have this quality but luckily, due to the Prophet’s and his House’s efforts of making sure this important doesn’t get lost, the coming of the Mahdi is a Mutawatir hadith.  So much so, that disbelief in him places you outside the fold of Islam.  Not to mention the obligation on all muslims to follow him regardless of sect, the Mahdi is one of the most essential common denominators of all muslims.  The prophet made it clear that following his orders is obligatory for all muslims for he is God’s representative on earth.


The Prophecies

The Prophecies cover many different subjects and

But here I we will focus mainly on those pertaining to the issue at hand.

The Types of Prophecies

The surviving narrations that come to us from the prophet and ahlul al bait are two types.  The instructional type and the prophetic type.  For the purpose at hand, I will be discussing the prophetic type, more specifically those that are related to the 12 imam, and the means of deciding which of the prophecies I considered in my evaluations.

Very early on it was clear that there was too many narations and many problems of falsified or misquoted Hadiths concerning the Mahdi.  The main idea of the Mahdi and a few details were very authentic but there was an avalanche of details and narrations that were hard to authenticate.  So I followed a procedure I found to be logical and helped me filter through all the nonsense.

The first filter I applied was considering how true a prophecy was to its purpose.  In other words, I checked whether or not the prophecy is prophetic in nature.  These are prophecies concerning an end of days figure in a world filled with injustice, it is only logical to think of them as encrepted messages being passed on through the sea of time.  Only those who will make good use or the right use of this information should be able to interpret the message.  So when some narations give an overwhelming amount of details about the Mahdi, and an almost step by step schedule of activities seem extremely implausible and therefore discounted.

The second problem I noticed is that many scholars were taking these prophecies too literarly which was very surprising to say the least.  There was many narations which gave clear hints of modern technology, yet scholars insisted on supernatural phenomena.  This means that Jesus () will descend from heaven with two angles and he will lead a sword fight against people who still don’t believe! So some interpretations failed basic logic rules.  Not to mention the hadith from Imam Sadiq: “Only the Imam Mahdi will be able to interpret the works and the sayings of the prophet”.  So keep that in mind if you feel like I have interepreted something differently than how you would or may have heard someone do.  See the debate section for more on this issue.

The third type of narrations I disregarded were those that contradicted themselves.  For example I heard a scholar mention that the Mahdi won’t know he is the Mahdi while he is alive.  At the same time he is insisting his name will be such and his father’s name will be such specifically and he will kill the Dajjal and conquer the entire earth.  So he wants us to believe that a man with the exact name and father’s name who will kill the Dajjal and fight along side a LITERAL JESUS DESCENDING FROM HEAVEN will not know he is the Mahdi.  I guess you would have to also include the prophecy which states that the Mahdi will also be a complete moron.

To sum up, I gave the most accepted and prophetic traditions more weight than everything else. I should mention also mention that I did look at some that were difficult to authenticate but they seem to have the least motive for fabrication.  For example the physical descriptions of the Mahdi that speak of distinguishing marks seemed too specific to be false if they were to apply.

Addressing The Self-Fulfilling-Prophecy Conundrum

                The self-fulfilling prophecy claims are one of those claims I always hear from people who don’t seem to have thought much about it.  The claim is that a prophecy comes true if people are working towards making it come true.  There are two major issues with this argument.

The first problem is it doesn’t take the weight of the prophecy into account.  If a prophecy was about your lawn dying, and you go out of your way to make sure you don’t water your lawn, then you can insist there was nothing divine or miraculous about the prophecy coming true.  However you cannot deny the prophecy was fulfilled.  Why is this important?  Well if you take into account that the people were trying to fulfill a prophecy as grounds to deny them then you are practically ignoring the nature of what prophecies are.  Most major and religious prophecies usually serve as a guide for people who believe in them and trying to bring about their fulfillment.  What must be looked it, if to decide objectively, is the likelihood of a prophecy coming true when it was made.  For example, in HADITH ALDAR, when the Prophet () invited the tribe leaders and announced to them what he had been receiving and that he was a prophet, everyone dismissed him except for Ali, who was 15 years old at the time.  The Prophet then proceeded to embracing him and foretelling the entire room, full of people poking fun at them, of his position and how he will be his standard bearer and his caliph after him.  The fact of this prophecy came true can’t simply be discredited because things changed and Islam became more prevalent to the end.  You are completely overlooking the near decade of hardships and persecution the Prophet and his family endured.  The belief of such a prophecy coming true would have made you the laughing stock of the town.  A better case can be made for the Prophet’s prophecy predicting the fall of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine empire and its conversion to Islam.  The fact that people at the time were motivated by this prophecy and encouraged to try to concquer the city (present day Istanboul), doesn’t take away from the miraculous prediction made by the Prophet to handful of supporters and no army in a distant desert.

And the second reason, which ties into the first one as well, is the fact that every prophecy is a self-fulfilling prophecy by the nature of its existence.  Due to the Butterfly effect, any prophecy that comes into existence becomes a self-fullfilling prophecy if it were to come true.  Because the same argument can always be made that even if nobody was trying to fulfill it, its nonexistence would have changed a chain reaction that would have caused it to not be fullfilled.  So if one was to insist that the prophecy needs to come true without anyone even attempting to make it come about, he would be asking for an impossible event.  You are asking for a prophecy to be fulfilled without it ever being brought into existence and hence nobody would ever know it was fulfilled.  The way I am seeing it, it looks very much like a strawman argument.  You created this new yet nonsensical category of prophecies called self-fulling prophecies and you attacked them on the basis of influencing their own fulfillment, which all prophecies do based on their own nature of existing.  It is a nonsensical category because it does not distinguish between itself and just a prophecy.  You created that distinction which became a requirement despite never being claimed by the proponents of prophetic traditions.  Most prophecies of consequence refer to someone or some people accomplishing a great task.  So using the only possible way of prophecy being fulfilled as the basis for denying it the prophetic meaning is the definition of being closed minded.  Because by that logic you offered no possible event that you are willing to accept a prophecy coming true except never existing in the first place.  You see the hole in this logic?  So keep in mind that this criteria was added on by “magicians” to discredit why all the Prophet’s prophecies came true, completely ignoring the fact they are considered miraculous great not because of HOW they came true, but because they actually DID!  To sum up, the only way to distinguish between fake and real prophecies is by evaluating the likelihood of it coming true at the time it was made.


Prophecies are predictions about future event

True prophecies are predictions of highly unlikely events

All true prophecies are prophecies

All true prophecies are self-fulfilling prophecies




The Case for Single/Weak designated Narrations

  I don’t believe there will be a need for resorting to the use of any less than authentic Hadiths, but in order to be safe and have all the bases covered I want to discuss a justification for including less than authentic traditions, should the need arise.

The first reason is the nature of the verification is not perfect.  Sometimes if a false Hadith was more widespread, as it would be if it was intentionally fabricated, and a conflicting authentic hadith was found then the scholar might give priority to the false one due its prevelance.

The second reason is the human bias intrinsic to the scholars’ methods.  If the scholars are comparing two conflicting Hadiths, they would have to assume they know and understand the meaning of both narrations when making this judgement call.  However we know this is not always the case and only the people who were designated by God are able to perfectly interpret their brothers’ works.

The third grounds for use of a, less than authentic tradition, is if it carried a lot of weight.  I am talking about prophecies that maybe so specific or detailed that it would be considered an overwhelming sign.  For example if one of the prophecies predicted someone having an apple-shaped red mark on his right foot, and this happened to be the case then I believe this is fair game.  As a matter of fact, even if we know for a fact that this hadith was fabricated, then it is still a major sign despite the fact.  See the miracles section for more details.

I should mention that this privilidge should only be considered as supporting evidence of an already strong claim.  In short, it doesn’t matter how many apples you have on your foot if you fall short in all other requierements.

The Interpretations

The Prophetic Nature

Let us first go back to what a Prophecy is. What makes something a Prophecy and not just an article

Approach when Comparing Reality:

And as I have been accustomed to do when probing my points, I will first address the inconsistency and contradictions the currently excepted "Truth" is and then I will proceed to presenting the evidence that supports the alternative "Truth". This is to cut the road on any rhetoric of what is "Ok" or "Not Ok" when it comes to interpreting after it becomes clear to everyone there is no ground for anyone to stand on at this moment. Most accepted theories are self-debasing and in many cases, downright insulting to human intelligence and an affront on God and his Messengers.

Reasons for Grounds Behind The Refutation of Many Current Interpretations:


Changing The Pivot

Logical Grounds for the permissibility of changing the perspective as means to Read & Interpret Prophecies based on inconsistency with the ability to "silence" or "replicate" God's work.

Interpretation Techniques:

Transcendental Functions